Haja Zainab Hawa Bangura (born 18 December 1959) is a Sierra Leonean politician and social activist. In 2007, Bangura became Sierra Leone's foreign minister in the government of President Ernest Bai Koroma of the All People's Congress (APC) Party. She was the second woman to serve in that post, following Shirley Gbujama who held that position from 1996 to 1997. Mrs. Bangura also served as Sierra Leone's Minister of Health and sanitation from 2010 to 2012. As a devoted Muslim, Mrs. Bangura took time off politics in 2009 to travel to the Holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia to participate in the 2009 Hajj pilgrimage ceremony. She was the United Nations Secretary-General's Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict from June 2012 to April 2017.